Platelet Rich Plasma | Lansdowne & Chantilly VA
What is Platelet Rich Plasma?
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is a byproduct of your blood (plasma) that is rich in platelets. Platelets perform many functions, including forming blood clots and releasing growth factors into the wound. These growth factors function to assist your body in repairing itself by stimulating stem cells to regenerate new tissue, thus, speeding up the healing process.
Why All The Excitement About PRP?
PRP permits the body to take advantage of the normal healing pathways at a greatly accelerated rate. During the healing process, the body rushes many cells and cell-types to the wound in order to initiate the healing process. One of those cell types is platelets. Platelets perform many functions, including formation of a blood clot and release of growth factors (GF) into the wound. These GF (platelet derived growth factors PGDF, transforming growth factor beta TGF, and insulin-like growth factor ILGF) function to assist the body in repairing itself by stimulating stem cells to regenerate new tissue. The more growth factors released sequestered into the wound, the more stem cells stimulated to produce new host tissue. Thus, one can easily see that PRP permits the body to heal faster and more efficiently.
A subfamily of transforming growth factors is called bone morphogenic protein (BMP). BMP has been shown to generate the formation of new bone. Our surgeons will draw a small amount of blood (only 10-20cc) and centrifuge it to extract the PRP. They will then combine the PRP with the BMP and add to bone substitute particles that is placed at the implant site. Your bone will now grow more predictably and faster than ever before!
PRP Has Many Clinical Applications
Bone grafting for dental implants. This includes onlay and inlay grafts, sinus lift procedures, ridge augmentation procedures, and closure of cleft, lip, and palate defects. Repair of bone defects creating by removal of teeth or small cysts. Repair of fistulas between the sinus cavity and mouth.
PRP Also Has Many Advantages
Safety: PRP is a by-product of the patients own blood, therefore, disease transmission is not an issue.
Convenience: PRP can be generated in the doctors office while the patient is undergoing an outpatient surgical procedure, such as placement of dental implants.
Faster healing: The supersaturation of the wound with PRP, and thus growth factors, produces an increase of tissue synthesis and thus faster tissue regeneration.
Cost effectiveness: Since PRP harvesting is done with only 55 cc of blood in the doctors office, the patient need not incur the expense of the harvesting procedure in hospital or at the blood bank.
Ease of use: PRP is easy to handle and actually improves the ease of application of bone substitute materials and bone grafting products by making them more gel-like.
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Frequently Asked Questions About PRP
Should PRP be used in all bone grafting cases? Not always. In some cases, there is no need for PRP. However, in the majority of cases, application of PRP to the bone grafting will increase the final amount of bone growth in addition to making the wound heal faster.
Will my insurance cover the cost? Unfortunately, most insurance plans don’t cover this. The cost will vary per patient depending on how many vials of blood are drawn and the number of surgical sites it’s placed into. Our office does provide patient discounts when PRP is placed with necessary procedures.
Can PRP be used alone to stimulate bone formation? No. PRP must be mixed with either the patients own bone or a bone substituted material.
Are there any contraindications to PRP? Very few. Obviously, patients with bleeding disorders or hematologic diseases do not qualify for this procedure to be performed in an office setting.